Would you be able to forgive someone who killed your family?

Pieter Hugo went to Rwanda almost two decades after millions were killed during the genocide and photographed perpetrators and survivors together in one photo. He displays the different types of forgiveness that people can have for one another. Explaining that some of the pairs sat together and chatted about village gossip. Others agreed to take the photo and then parted ways, not exchanging much contact.

First Photo

The first image photographs Jean Pierre Karenzi, the perpetrator and Viviane Nyiramana, the survivor. Jean killed Vivianes father and three brothers. After begging for her forgiveness and building a house for her, she pardoned him. The photo shows Jean looking very sad and regretful, facing away from both the camera and Viviane. He is very ashamed of what he has done and clearly doesn’t forgive himself. Viviane is staring into the camera and has her hand on Karenzi’s back. She has no guilty conscience as she is looking straight into the camera. Her eyes are filled with sorrow from her losses. However it’s noticeable that she has forgiven Jean as she is touching him affectionately.

This seems like a case of full forgiveness, where the two would genuinely communicate with one another.

Second Photo

The second image photographs Godefroid Mudaheranwa, the perpetrator and Evasta Mukanyandwi, the survivor. Godefroid burned Evasta’s house and tried to kill her and her children, but luckily, they managed to escape. Evasta hated him for a long time. Eventually he came and knelt in front of her asking for forgiveness. His sincerity moved by her. Now she relies on him when she’s in times of trouble. The photo portrays them standing side by side. Both with stern faces, making it appear as if they don’t have a good relationship.

It is clear that Evasta has forgiven him. However, the photo makes it seem as if this is a situation where the forgiveness isn’t totally there.

Georgie 

Do the positives of MOJO outweigh the negatives?

Taken by Angharad Akideinde

The use of smartphones is heavily changing journalism (MOJO), both in positive and negative ways.

Positive Aspects 

With this generation’s technological advances, we are able to use our mobiles to do almost anything. We don’t need to have camera equipment. Our phones have voice recorders, cameras, notes and you can buy extras such as microphones and tripods. These would enhance the way of recording. In fact, statistics show that people are more likely to stop and be interviewed by someone with only their phone rather than people with full-on camera equipment. Millions of different apps are able to be downloaded on smartphones, apps that can edit audio, videos and pictures. Simply done from the palm of your hands.

Not only do mobiles make life easier for journalists to report but it makes their stories much more accessible. People generally have their phones on them 24/7 meaning they can constantly check their social media apps. Journalists are able to use these apps to share news on, such as snapchat. Newspapers and magazines such as the Telegraph and Cosmopolitan use these. Other apps such as Facebook, twitter and Instagram can be used as a platform to share news. Not only can journalists use social media apps, but news companies such as BBC, The Guardian and Huffpost, can have their own apps. Which are easily accessible to anyone with a mobile.

Negative Aspects

However, with these positives, comes negatives. Smartphones are changing the way that news is shared and the way journalists write. The Telegraph (which is a broadsheet) uses Snapchat (a teenage based app) to share their news. The age group of the app is bound to change the way that the Telegraph shares news. They will be catering what they share to please their audience.

MOJO also will eventually lead to killing all original forms of Journalism such as newspapers, magazines, radio and TV. It is easier for people to read and watch news on their smartphones. Rather than on something they have to spend money on and cant access as easily.

Georgie

People’s Vote March and a day in Hyde park!

Today was a really inspiring, amazing  and eventful day and so I thought I’d share it with you!

On the 20th of October, Isabella (another LSBU journalism student) and I went to the People’s Vote March in Hyde park. It started at 12pm at Hyde park and ended at the houses of parliament. Approximately 700,000 protestors marched.

We decided to go because Isabella was writing her weekly patch story on the matter and I thought why not join her. I’m extremely glad that I did because it was an incredible experience, full of interesting people with amazing signs.

On the way to Hyde park you could definitely tell that something was going on. The tubes were absolutely packed to the brim, with us having to squish in the tube. The moment we got out of the tube at Marble arch, we could see hundreds of people. People giving out “We demand a people’s vote” stickers and “Final say for ALL” stickers as well as people holding up their massive signs they had made. Seeing the ages of the people was also very inspiring as it went from tiny children to the elderly, everyone was there!

When we starting walking we almost immediately came to a standstill. The reason being that so many people showed up to the march that we couldn’t actually march. We of course took this to our advantage and started interviewing people, and oh my did we meet some incredible people. Everyone was so opinionated and really wanted to share their stories with us, which was great!

One woman called Sarah was holding up a massive hand painted sign of a car, saying “Leave the E.U. & Nissan leaves too” and she said “I’m marching for my future and I don’t know if this will change anything but I’m not losing the hope.” A man called Derek, who you could tell was extremely pissed off about Brexit said “It’s a bag of shite” and that the “Politicians don’t give a toss”.

Many people we spoke to mentioned young people and how it will affect our future. Saying that it shouldn’t affect them in any way since they won’t be around for much longer, but that the next generations will have to grow up in a messed up British system.

Another thing we noticed was the amount of elderly people that showed up to the march. Many saying they were also there to prove that they, who were partially blamed for all voting leave in the first referendum, wanted to stay in the EU. That they care about the kind of world the rest of us will grow up in. One couple, Sally and Andrew, told us how they were “devastated”, explaining how they had lived in the time before the UK was a part of the EU and how much better it got when they joined. Saying when they used to travel to Spain the maximum euros you could take with you was 50. Meaning their parents would have to pay for all the meals, hotels etc beforehand.

At some point I thought of an idea to see who voted leave or stay at the original vote, to see whether there were many people that had changed their minds. We asked 32 people and only 3 of them were people who originally voted leave. However, when asking this a man gave an very interesting point that “We should mobilise the 28% who didn’t vote” rather than try and get the leavers to change their minds.

The last thing I want to add were the amazing signs we saw when walking around, people have the most imaginative minds.

We saw one young boy wearing an inflatable dinosaur with a sign saying “Don’t take us back in time”.

There were European girls holding up a sign saying “Citizens of the world are citizens of everywhere”.

A dog was wearing a jacket saying “My name is Wickham and I think that Brexit is a rubbish idea”. Me being a dog lover, I almost died of cuteness overload, clever doggie!

Another clever sign which played on lyrics was “Never gonna give EU up!”.

There was a man holding a massive banana which read “BREXIT is STRAIGHT BANANAS”.

One last funny one I saw, which is a bit inappropriate but hilarious, read “Stop Fucking Us!” and had drawing of men’s genitalia with heads of Boris Johnson, Theresa May and Michael Gove. As well as this, everyone was covered in the EU flag.

Having lived in the Netherlands and attending an international school, when Brexit came about, there was an extreme amount of hatred towards England. My friends firing so many disgusting comments and I felt angry and ashamed. I’ve always been very patriotic over England and so it upset me hearing these thing. Plus seeing the shit that England was/is dragging itself into. Going to the march made me feel very proud of England. It was so incredible seeing how many people not only showed up but how passionate they were. Let’s hope it makes a difference and a people’s vote is on the way!!

After the March Isabella and I sat and ate lunch in Hyde park. We then went for a cycle (felt like I was back in Holland for a bit!! they bike everywhere!) around the park, which was my first time properly exploring the park and wow…the weather was perfect, with the sun shining, which made the park look even more gorgeous. I couldn’t get over how big it was, it was so nice to be in an area that didn’t feel like you were in the city. It felt so quiet and peaceful, it was breath-taking. I will definitely be going back there.

After we did that we decided to go on a little girly shopping spree on Oxford Street, we were traipsing around for ages, going to Forever 21, Zara, Primark of course, River Island, Bershka, H&M, Urban outfitters and Boots. Luckily all that walking was worth it because we both got some beautiful items. I definitely can’t wait to wear them(it’s the LONDON LOOK)!!

We didn’t stop there, when we got back we ate dinner and then decided to go out. We went to a very LSBU popular near-by pub called The Dover Castle. I had already been a few times, loving it every single time so I thought why not take Isabella there. We had a very long night or dancing and singing out lungs out!! It was fantastic.

It was such an eventful day, doing something pretty much every hour. I must admit it was definitely one of the best days I have had in London. I am so desperate to explore new places since London is so huge. This felt like a start, a boost if you will, to finally start properly exploring. A start to finding cool new places in London!

Georgie xx

Lambeth Council helping to find homes for struggling children

Lambeth council has it’s own Adoption council which was set up to support the rising number of children in need of parents however the number of adoptees doesn’t correspond with the amount of children in need. 

National Adoption week of 2018 started on the 15th of October and Ends on the 21st. The campaign aims to find homes for children who really need it. This year the focus is also on the adopter.

Lambeth council has their own adoption company. Thus to celebrate, are hosting two events at Lambeth Town Hall. One on Tuesday the 16th of October from 6:00 to 8:00pm. The other on the 18th from 12:00 to 2:00pm.

Both events start with a presentation and a Q&A (question and answer). In order to follow this year’s focus, they then have parents who have been through the adoption process. People can talk to them and hear directly from them.

Lambeth Adoption has a 10-step adoption process and was described as “Absolutely fantastic” by Paul and Nicky, parents who adopted a sibling group through Lambeth Adoption. They said the process was long and in depth, Paul saying they “Research our lives” and continued on joking that he felt they knew more about him than he knows about himself.

Only 5 people showed up to the event and compared to all of the children in the UK that need adopting, this is nothing. Showing that more adoptees are needed, so if you are thinking of adopting, go for it. Save a child and give them the beautiful life they deserve.

Georgie 

BFI Festival uniting the world through film!

The British Film Industry (BFI) London Film Festival 2018 started on the 10th of October and finishes on the 21st. The Festival takes place in 75 countries in 14 cinemas with 225 features, making it a globally diverse event.

BFI is a non-governmental public body which aims to support the film industry. They use organisations such as the National Lottery to fund the Film Festival.

BFI Southbank is one of the places where this event takes place. Having three main screens and one smaller screen with only 20 seats, known as the ‘Studio’ room. There is a ‘Blue Room’ which is an advanced reception. In addition there is a Mediatheque which screens varieties of British TV archives.

The Festivals aim is to bring together filmmakers’ from around the world to present their work to an audience. Increasing the filmmakers’ chances for the award season, with BAFTA coming up. “Opening the doors for everyone, audiences or filmmakers, is at the heart of the BFI’s purpose” says Amanda Nevill, the chief executive of BFI.

The Festival screens International films to help them get a release in the UK. The focus is also on films that have never been seen before and could never be distributed or come out much later.

A local man named Sean Burton was going to see “Evelyn” at the Southbank venue. He felt that the film festival “creates a buzz” and “generates opportunities for movies that usually wouldn’t get publicity”.

 

Visit BFI Southbank at Belvedere Rd, Lambeth, London SE18XT or call 020 7928 3232 if you have any questions.

Georgie

Albert Woodfox- 43 years of Solitary confinement for nothing?

Taken by Mark Hartman for the New Yorker

The New Yorker profile discusses Albert Woodfox and how he was able to survive solitary. He was in and out of jail for multiple petty crimes. Through being arrested he met people in the Black Panther Party. He was mesmorized saying “It was the first-time I’d ever seen black folk her were not afraid”.

At 18 he was sentenced 50 years for robbing a bar, where he was later placed on the Panther Tier. Eighteen other members were awaiting trial. When entering court, after being beaten, he said “I want all of you to see what these racist, fascist pigs have done to me.”

He was then taken to Angola, the largest maximum security in the USA.

At Angola a guard, Brent Miller, was stabbed 32 times. With the warden describing Woodfox as a “hard-core Black Panther racist” it was assumed the murder was a political act. He was taken to solitary.

Woodfox was held in solitary confinement for 43 years, longer than any prisoner in American history.

Eventually the truth came out that the bloody fingerprints didn’t match any of the men, and so at the age of 69, Woodfox was realised.

Although Woodfox committed crimes, the writing techniques that Rachel Aviv used made me feel sympathy for him. Using quotes of how social workers described Woodfox as “respectful”, “positive” and “co-operative” and using stories from when Woodfox was younger.

The impression this profile gave me on Woodfox is that he was a strong-willed man. He fought for what he believed in and was stuck up for his people. He never caused real harm, being framed for a murder he didn’t commit and still remaining strong and well-behaved all those years he was locked in solitary.

Georgie

Popping InstaBubbles to open up to the world!

After analysing my personal social media accounts (focusing on Instagram) I was able to see that my main interests are travel, fashion, memes and celebrities. Noticing I don’t use social media platforms for news but rather Newspapers and online sites such as BBC News.

I love to travel and so it didn’t surprise me when I noticed that I follow a lot of travel bloggers.

I’m not the most fashionable person, but I definitely appreciate fashion. Following accounts such as Brandy Melville and Fashion Nova where I’m seeing outfits I desire to have myself.

Laughing brightens up anyone’s day and so my page always has memes for me to smile at.

Lastly are celebrities, being a big fan of music, movies and series means I tend to give the people I like, a follow.

The main way I notice how filter bubbles affect what I am seeing is via the adverts on Instagram, not straying away from the main interests listed above. E.g. Ads about ‘Gymshark’ which is a clothing brand that I recently ordered from.

In order to pop my bubbles, I have created a professional Instagram which will be used to follow the news, to open up to different angles and not be shut away.

Georgie 

Journalism in the Digital Age

Can anyone be a journalist? In this modern digital age, yes. People can start a blog, they can use Facebook as a platform, twitter, Instagram etc. This has major effects on news companies and makes it difficult for journalists to make money.

Journalists are facing a hard time as a result of their industry is becoming completely digitalised.

Our current technological era is causing traditional journalism to slowly ‘die’. Less people are reading newspapers, watching TV news and listening to the radio. People prefer to read shorter, simple articles resulting in less long form.

In addition, journalists are spending less time ‘in the field’ meaning no direct contact. Stories are affected by the use of telephones and emails  to conduct interviews as it prevents seeing body language and surroundings.

However, public reports and corporate information can be published online using digital journalism. As a result news gathering becomes lot easier. ‘Live updates’ enable stories to be published instantaneously. With the increased use of mobiles and tablets to view the news it means that news is highly accessible 24/7. Which I lightly touched on in my view on the Reuters Digital Report)

Georgie

Migration hidden beneath Tate Modern’s latest Exhibition

Heat-sensitive material accompanied with a ‘crying’ room are apart of the latest exhibition at The Tate Modern with the intention to make visitors ‘uncomfortable’ and highlight the journey migrants take.  

Tate Modern’s Turbine hall flooring is covered in heat-sensitive material commissioned by Hyundai and created by Tania Brugera. Hiding beneath it is a portrait of Yousef, a young Syrian man who fled to the UK in 2011. Is now a biomedical science student working for the NHS.

A low-frequency sound is constantly being played in the Turbine hall as well as a ‘crying’ room with an organic compound that physically makes the visitor cry. Both designed to make the visitors feel uncomfortable. Tania calls it ‘forced empathy’ and is intended to break down people’s usual social barriers as well as saying ‘Life is not comfortable. I want people to get out of their comfort zone’.

With this exhibition, Tania aims to create awareness about the positive aspects of migration by bringing people together to reveal the portrait of Yousef.

The purpose of the crying room is to make people think about the loss migration involves. Entering the room visitors are stamped with a 12 digit number. Representing the number of migration plus the number of migrant deaths both in 2018. Based on these numbers an ever-changing title is created as the migration and deaths change (currently 10,143,225).

Speaking to local visitors Nicholas Morgan and Jeni Godwin they said it was powerful to look down on the portrait from the viewing platform. However said they felt “no sense of anything” not understanding the link between the three parts of the exhibition. Feeling “disappointed”.   

Is Tania Bugeras message truly conveyed in this abstract new piece of art? Or has her message been lost in Tanias key beliefs being misconstrued? Find out for yourself by visiting the Tate before the closing date on February 24th 2019.

Georgie & Saffron (+the rest of Red Patch)   

My View on the Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2018

The Reuters Digital News Report of 2018 analyses the current state of digital news, covering topics such as fake news and the trust people have in the news. The report shows many interesting facts however what I considered the most significant is; the effect of fake news on people’s trust in the news, how trust relates to political leaning and how our technological advances are causing a change in how people view the news.

The two topics named above have an obvious effect on one another, the more fake news that people start to read means the more people loose trust in the news.  Currently only 44% of the population trust overall news which shows that fake news is a significant issue in the area of journalism.

Trust is related to political leaning; the report shows that in 2018 only 17% of right wing supporters trust most news most of the time whereas it reaches 49% for the left wing. However, something very interesting is that when it comes to the trust in local news, political leaning doesn’t make much difference.

Today’s modern technology is sky rocketing, which as the Reuters report shows, affects the way that people view journalism. The use of computers has dropped 34% since 2013 and mobiles/tablets have increase 64%.  Which in reality, makes a lot of sense, everyone has their phone on them 24/7 and can easily access all social media where news is highly viewed as well as separate news apps. However, is this drop from computers to phones affect the type of news people read?

Georgie