When a film is said to be ‘based on a true story’, it allows its audience to feel a deeper connection to it – this is because they think that all the emotions and hardships shown in the tale have happened to people in the real world.
However, what the public don’t know is that several of these movies that are allegedly factual have only drawn inspiration from the true story. The website ‘information is beautiful‘ has formed a list of (as of now) seventeen films which claim to be accurate, but as demonstrated in the graph through data collection, are not.
For instance, 2014 drama film ‘Selma’ is shown to be 100% accurate through the collection of data from dozens of data sources, whereas ‘The Imitation Game’ (also released in the same year) has only a 42.3% accuracy rating.
Websites like Information is Beautiful are extremely important, especially to journalists. This is because a journalist could see the ‘based on a true story’ tagline and then sell a film to their readers using information from the real plot that is not used in the film – another reason as to why data collection on the website can make a significant difference to a writers work is because it can make a piece more authentic. If a journalist was to write a piece on facts they only thought were true but weren’t verified, they could be accused of getting caught up in the ‘fake news’ frenzy.
During my first visit to a Magistrates Court (Highbury Corner), I was particularly fascinated by the case of one twenty-five year old female who clearly had an extremely high opinion of herself.
She entered the court with an immediate attitude and swagger in her walk, hood up and all, which I found ironic considering she had only been recently released from prison after spending four years inside for GBH. The young lady about to spend another eight weeks for assaulting her mother twice in the space of two days.
Sat in the public gallery, I pondered, ‘what has she got to be proud of’?
The first offence, which occurred on Tuesday (November 13), consisted of the defendants mother asking her to stop leaving the door on latch, which caused the young female to flick a cigarette down her mother’s bra; the second was caused by her mother allegedly kicking the defendant in the back, causing the female in question to ‘spill’ tea all down her mother’s chest. Although the defendant pleaded guilty to both charges, it signified to me that some people – several not much older than myself – already seem to have given up on their lives.
For instance, when the magistrates were reading out her punishment, I noticed the female’s face didn’t express any emotion; it was as if she had already accepted that this was how she would live out her days, hopping in and out of a prison cell bed.
Overall, I found my visit to the Highbury Corner Magistrates Court to be very interesting and certainly eye-opening, and I look forward to the forthcoming trip to the Blackfriars Crown Court.
Since the ‘social media era’ of journalism settled into society about ten years ago, it has thoroughly altered the way writers play their part in updating the masses on the latest news.
Although it’s clear that the original format of journalism, the print newspaper, is becoming a thing of the past, a journalist’s role is still to assemble fair, interesting stories that will entice a reader – whether this be them picking up the latest edition of the Evening Standard, or their phone to a notification from BBC News.
The task of the modern journalist is to create exciting news stories faster than citizen journalists and creators of user generated content; for instance, if user generated content such as Coca-Cola’s ‘Share a Coke’ campaign is shaking up social media, it is a journalists duty to create an article about it and incorporate more statistics about the campaign than a citizen journalist could – thus using buzzed topics in the public interest to bring the attention back to the news.
However, what sets industry journalists aside from both citizen journalists and user generated content is their ability to write professionally about the facts of a story, rather than getting caught up in a scenario that they feel too strongly about to produce a biased article. By doing this, they keep the art of journalism alive, and ensure that it will not be overtaken by improper writers.
After being subscribed to newspaper ‘The Telegraphs’ Snapchat account for several days, I found that there were two key stories covered – one progressively – which demonstrated their determination to appeal to a younger audience.
In Wednesday’s (October 24) Snapchat story, The Telegraph documented claims of sexual harassment against a powerful businessmen, but were unable to name him due to an injunction he had paid for to prevent his identity being published. As the week went on, public interest grew regarding the man’s identity, which on Friday resulted in Labour politician Peter Hain naming the alleged predator as Topshop billionaire Philip Green.
I think The Telegraph used this story as their main one for the Friday Snapchat story because they knew younger readers would immediately identify with the brand names ‘Topshop’ and ‘Topman’, enticing them to want to know more about the story.
Due to The Telegraph being a professional tabloid newspaper, I think that they use their platform to raise awareness of important stories that young people need to be aware of. For instance, on the Thursday (October 25), they wrote about how every four minutes, someone aged 15-21 is diagnosed with a sexually transmitted infection (STI).
Writing about topics such as STI’s is vital in raising awareness of sexual health in young adults, and will encourage them to use condoms and to get tested for STI’s frequently.
Whilst examining the different stories told in ‘Portraits of Reconciliation’, published in the New York Times in April 2014, I decided to write about this image of Juvenal Nzabamwita and Cansilde Kampundu. This is because I am intrigued by the body language the pair express in the image – for instance, Kampundu has her arms crossed, signifying that she is still reserved about the encounter, whereas Nzabamwita is stretched out on the ground, his body leaning into his arm carelessly.
Although it was his father that killed her children, as he only looted her house, I think that a part of Cansilde will always resent the man and his family for destroying hers. Also, it looks as if Juvenal is posing for the photograph, connoting that he is enjoying the attention, but Cansilde is not.
From the stories that they spoke about in the article, I think that the sole reason Kampundu accepted Nzabamwita’s forgiveness is down to her being scared that if she didn’t, there would be no one around to help or protect her during tough times. Based on the glimpse into Juvenal’s past, I think that he feels it is down to him to take care of Cansilde, as it is because of his relatives that her entire family were slaughtered in the Rwanda Genocide.
As smartphones like the iPhone and Samsung are increasing in popularity every year, it was only time until journalism had to begin adapting to fit the new normal way of receiving news stories – this is why journalists nowadays have to think differently as to how they are going to present their work to the public, because our concentration levels are decreasing and we want to be given a lot of information in a short format.
With mobile news gathering, consumers can interpret the news they read in a completely new way than what it was like two decades ago. For instance, it’s common nowadays for every article on a website such as the Mail Online to have an accompanying video; regardless of whether it has anything to do with that exact story or the topic in which they are writing about.
Another way that mobile news has shaped journalism is through social medias distribution of the news. Due to networking sites such as Twitter and Snapchat garnering millions of new accounts every week, more and more people are now relying on these websites for their daily news. ‘Twitter Moments’ and ‘Snapchat Discover’ provide a range of different topics and accounts you can subscribe to that will cover all the news you want to know. This is significantly popular in young adults aged 16-24, who are one of social medias largest demographics.
With modern news outlets having the ability to update their streams constantly, they can potentially face editorial issues that come from the use of analytics from their websites. Analytics can be extremely handy for news outlets and journalists, because they can provide an instant chunk of information regarding several things – these can include how many articles a user clicks on, the time-length that they stay on a website, and how far down a page they scroll, to name a few.
From the analytics data that a company receives, they are able to improve their content so that it will appeal more to their readers, and allow users to view it in an easier format. Because of this, they can build up a larger audience, because they’re aware of what their readers are doing whilst on their companies site. This can be enhanced by Search Engine Optimisation (also known as SEO), which is what is done by a search engine deciding what you see first when you type something in on the internet.
However, web analytics aren’t always great for companies to gather their sites data and see what their users enjoy. For instance, many have said that they feel web analytics can lead to obsessions over what their visitors are wanting to see, and constantly wanting their website to remain at the top of the search bars.
Once I had spent fifteen minutes scrolling through my Twitter account, the social media platform that I use the most frequently, I was immediately able to identify certain filter bubbles and echo chambers that consume my timeline.
Three core topics swarmed my newsfeed – popular culture related news, travel accounts, and ‘proper’ news (outlets such as the ‘Mail Online’ and ‘BBC News’). After taking the idea of filter bubbles and echo chambers into consideration and looking at my Twitter feed with that mindset, I wasn’t shocked to see that these three subjects made the most appearances; they are the three topics that I enjoy reading about the most online, therefore I expected the results I got.
For instance, because of my interest in ‘pop culture’ news, I follow Twitter accounts such as ‘TMZ’ and ‘Complex Pop Culture’. I enjoy their news-feeds because I am interested in a broad range of topics regarding pop culture, and feel that the two accounts merge all the information I want into a compact site; TMZ provides the daily celebrity news that most are too proud to admit they can’t get enough of, and Complex Pop Culture covers everything from tour announcements to new film releases.
In conclusion, I realised that by examining my Twitter timeline with the mindset of searching for filter bubbles and echo chambers made me realise how many of them I could fall into – however, I think of it as a positive thing. If you are in a filter bubble with millions of people from around the world on one social media platform, it connotes that there are millions of people from around the world that share similar interests that you do. If our social media timelines were full of tweets and statuses regarding topics that we have no care for, no one would bother using social media.
The profile I studied was that of Meghan Markle, now known as the Duchess of Sussex, that was written for The Guardian in November 2017 following the announcement of her engagement to Prince Harry. Robert Booth wrote this piece in order for Guardian readers to understand more about both Markle’s background and heritage, detailing the struggles her mother Doria faced raising her daughter in a ‘largely white Valley area of the city’ – this signifies that the writer wanted his audience to consider the personal journey that Meghan Markle has endured, growing up as a mixed race American.
Another technique that Booth used to encourage his readers to think fondly of Markle is by contrasting the way her and Prince Harry have used their influence to speak out on social issues; for instance, Meghan made her views on Brexit extremely clear, posting an image of a placard on her Instagram that stated Britain leaving the European Union takes away ‘the biggest part’ of the United Kingdom. However, being a member of the British Royal Family (BRF) means that you are not allowed to make political statements, therefore Prince Harry has always remained tight-lipped on his opinions. The writer also implies that Meghan Markle will be a great addition to the BRF, mentioning her humanitarian work as a global ambassador for World Vision Canada.
This profile about the Duchess of Sussex was published prior to her wedding to the Duke, and it was written in order for the British public to have an informed, well-balanced idea of who Meghan Markle is, and how she is different to any other person that has joined the British Royal Family in the past.
As stated in the News Storytelling in a Digital Landscape report – ‘is the internet killing storytelling’? In the digital age that we live in, journalism has seen a drastic change in how a reader receives and perceives their news. For instance, since the vast majority of our generation owns a smartphone, major news alerts can pop up on a mobile immediately with updates available in seconds as the story progresses. This is incredibly different from how journalism worked fifty years ago – where ones only sources of news were the radio, a few television channels, and primarily, a daily newspaper.
Swapping print for digital journalism is often seen as a good thing; not everyone is interested in purchasing physical newspapers and want something compact instead, therefore it can intrigue a wider audience into journalism. This is because they can obtain news for free on their device (a mobile phone, a tablet or computer for example), on websites such as The Guardian and London Evening Standard.
However, in the report, the writer Vin Ray mentions that Mediastorm, an online production company for multimedia storytelling, reaches global audiences that ‘TV programmes would envy’ and that ‘⅔ of their audience are watching the short films all the way through’. This connotes that the current generation of news consumers may prefer watching informative films and documentaries as their news source, in comparison to reading long articles – this links to the writers suggestion that our attention spans could be decreasing, since we now prefer a ‘quick hit in USA Today’ to a ‘10,000-word New Yorker article’.
The rise in documentaries over news articles can be seen in modern-day pop culture, as documentary-makers Louis Theroux and Stacey Dooley’s television shows, available on streaming services such as BBC iPlayer and Netflix, become more popular each time a new episode is released.
In conclusion, from this observation and how the writer predicts that our attention spans are decreasing, I feel that the generation of millennials prefer these programmes because they take up less energy, and they can also do something else at the same time.