Video, story angles, structure, shots

My notes from the second week.

I wrote down what lecturer told us and also some questions and tasks.


Video package (2-3 minutes): My local covid

  • GVs
  • 3 different voices
    • Voiceover – narration of story
    • Expert interview
    • Eye witness int
  • Correct use of sound
  • A variety of shots
  • Use of a music bed/sound effects

Story angle

  • The aspect of a story we decide to highlight
  • Give focus to a story
  • Packages can be presented using a particular angle or “slant”

Finding angles

  • Read
  • Look for new developments – surveys, stats, polls
  • Use holiday and other on-diary events
  • Look for sth new, topical, relevant
  • Add human interest, how real ppl relate to developments
  • React to a story in your field – add depth or insight relevant to a story

Types of angle

  • National angle
  • Local angle
  • New development
  • Follow-up story
  • Human interest
  • Progress
  • Consequence
  • Eminence or prominence
  • Conflict
  • Timing and proximity

2 different angles for the story: The second wave

  • How many waves will we experience? How long is it going to last?
  • Why people do not listen as they did before? Why do we tend to not follow the rules?
  • Why is there a second wave? Explain reasons, schools, unis…

Story structure

  1. Flatline
    1. Common
    2. A series of quotes from ppl commenting on one topic
    3. He said. She said. Critics disagree
    4. Not very exciting
  2. Introduce an arc
    1. Add a question
    2. Promise and deliver and answer that is surprising in some way
    3. Sell your story hard so even those who don’t care…
  3. Divide in acts
    1. Give the listener a sense of movement by dividing the journey into scenes
    2. Use the rule of threes
  4. Signpost
    1. Don’t let audience get lost
    2. Tell why they should keep listening
    3. Break up big question into smaller steps
    4. Recap
    5. Raise new questions in the middle of the story

Make it special

  • Add zig-zags
  • Surprises
  • Catchy writing, moments of interaction
  • Provocative questions, personality, flavour

Beginning, middle, end

Sequences and shots

Series of shots – series of scenes – sequences – whole narrative

Shot sizes

  • Extreme long shot (ELS)
  • Long shot (LS)
  • Full shot (FS)
  • Medium long shot (MLS)
  • Cowboy shot (CS)
  • Mid shot (MS)
  • Medium closeup (MCU)
  • Closeup (CU)
  • Extreme close up (ECU)

Camera angles

  • Eye level
  • Shoulder level
  • Overhead shot
  • High level
  • Low level
  • Ground level
  • Hip level
  • Knee level
  • Dutch angle/tilt

Sound and music

  • Record and use original sound
  • Use if appropriate sound effects to enhance certain aspects of the scene
  • Use music if
    • It is integral to the story
    • It enhances a character´s pow
    • It evokes a place or time
    • It´s in place of ambience
  • Do not use music or sound if it is to manipulate emotions and thoughts, editorializes in making listeners sympathise w some views
  • Don’t amplify emotions
  • Cannot save a bad story
  • Beware of abuse, consider copyright

180 rule – line of action

5 shot sequence

  • Closeup of hands
  • Closeup of the face
  • Wide shot
  • Over the shoulder
  • Unusual/alternative
  • interview